Table 1. Patient Characteristics by Smoking Category
CharacteristicsPersistent Smokers (n=34)Intermittent Smokers (n=68)Abstainers (n=70)
Demographic and smoking
Age, mean (SD)57.3 (10.1)58.2 (9.1)55.7 (8.6)
Male, %73.579.478.6
Weight, mean (SD)84.7 (16.0)83.3 (18.1)84.3 (11.2)
BMI, mean (SD)28.6 (5.3)28.2 (5.8)28.8 (5.0)
No. years smoked, mean (SD)19.7 (12.3)21.8 (11.5)20.8 (8.6)
No. cigarettes/day (past year), mean (SD)28.6 (5.3)28.2 (10.2)28.8 (8.5)
Other smokers at home, %5039.738.6
Prior quit attempts, %10.185.387.1
Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, mean (SD)8.5 (7.1)5.2 (2.3)5.1 (1.9)
Beck Depression score, mean (SD)8.5 (7.1)4.9 (5.1)5.3 (5.8)
Any previous serious quit attempts %88.385.387.1
011.814.712.9
138.223.530.0
211.825.021.4
≥338.236.835.7
Prior use of abstinence aids, %55.955.952.9
Nicotine replacement therapya38.245.647.1
Bupropion20.613.217.1
Varenicline04.64.6
Counseling7.716.30
Clinical characteristics
Medical history, %
Hyperlipidemia64.769.154.3
Hypertension47.144.141.4
Diabetes mellitus20.620.68.6
Prior MI26.522.110.0
Prior PCI23.516.28.6
Prior CABG2.92.90
STEMI, %55.955.970.0
Medications, %
ACE inhibitors53.067.768.6
Antilipid agent100.098.597.1
ARBs14.78.81.4
Beta blockers91.283.880.0
Insulin5.85.92.9
Oral hypoglycemic agent14.714.78.6
  • ACE indicates angiotensin‐converting enzyme; ARB, angiotensin II receptor blocker; BMI, body mass index; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; MI, myocardial infarction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; STEMI, ST‐segment elevation myocardial infarction.

  • a Includes nicotine patch, gum, and inhaler.