Table 1. Baseline and Procedural Characteristics
WomenMenAge‐Adjusted OR (95% CI)
PCI in elective patients
n=24 262 (26.9%)n=65 972 (73.1%)
Age, y72 (65; 78)68 (60; 74)
History of PCI42.9% (10 316/24 066)51.6% (33 711/65 308)0.72 (0.69‐0.74)
History of CABG surgery10.1% (2443/24 178)16.5% (10 811/65 684)0.50 (0.47‐0.52)
LV ejection fraction ≤40%8.9% (1946/21 805)13.4% (7921/59 019)0.59 (0.56‐0.62)
Diabetes mellitus29.8% (7124/23 879)25.0% (16 222/64 800)1.20 (1.16‐1.24)
Renal insufficiency16.5% (3931/23 862)16.7% (10 863/64 874)0.79 (0.76‐0.82)
Diagnostic XA and PCI in 1 session84.8% (20 565/24 262)83.9% (55 371/65 972)1.08 (1.04‐1.13)
PCI successfula95.2% (23 093/24 262)94.1% (62 051/65 972)1.25 (1.16‐1.33)
Stent implanted90.0% (21 829/24 262)88.9% (58 651/65 972)1.11 (1.06‐1.17)
PCI in more than 1 vessel8.9% (2169/24 261)11.0% (7224/65 972)0.78 (0.74‐0.82)
PCI in complete vessel occlusion7.5% (1808/24 181)9.2% (6028/65 733)0.87 (0.82‐0.92)
PCI in CABG2.1% (512/24 181)4.6% (3024/65 733)0.38 (0.35‐0.42)
PCI in unprotected left main1.2% (288/24 181)1.4% (935/65 733)0.76 (0.67‐0.87)
PCI in last coronary vessel0.3% (67/24 181)0.4% (233/65 733)0.72 (0.55‐0.95)
PCI in NSTE‐ACS patients without cardiogenic shock
n=14 336 (29.7%)n=33 879 (70.3%)
Age, y74 (66; 80)68 (58; 75)
History of PCI30.0% (4227/14 101)35.6% (11 872/33 326)0.72 (0.69‐0.75)
History of CABG surgery8.9% (1263/14 234)15.0% (5043/33 623)0.44 (0.41‐0.47)
LV ejection fraction ≤40%13.6% (1561/11 437)16.8% (4525/26 886)0.66 (0.62‐0.70)
Diabetes mellitus31.6% (4367/13 808)25.1% (8205/32 649)1.22 (1.17‐1.28)
Renal insufficiency21.5% (2989/13 888)20.7% (6807/32 806)0.73 (0.70‐0.77)
On hemodialysis1.9% (257/13 888)2.0% (643/32 806)0.83 (0.72‐0.97)
Diagnostic XA and PCI in 1 session95.3% (13 662/14 336)95.1% (32 230/33 879)1.14 (1.04‐1.25)
PCI successfula94.6% (13 556/14 336)94.1% (31 893/33 878)1.17 (1.07‐1.28)
Stent implanted90.2% (12 935/14 336)89.8% (30 436/33 879)1.10 (1.02‐1.17)
PCI in more than 1 vessel11.9% (1703/14 336)11.8% (3987/33 879)0.93 (0.88‐0.99)
PCI in complete vessel occlusion17.4% (2486/14 288)20.3% (6836/33 753)0.92 (0.88‐0.97)
PCI in CABG3.0% (429/14 288)6.8% (2301/33 753)0.33 (0.30‐0.37)
PCI in ostial stenosis7.0% (1007/14 288)5.7% (1910/33 753)1.13 (1.04‐1.22)
Resuscitation in cath lab0.6% (88/14 335)0.3% (101/33 877)1.78 (1.32‐2.39)
PCI in STEMI‐ACS patients without cardiogenic shock
n=9156 (27.8%)n=23 830 (72.2%)
Age, y72 (61; 79)62 (53; 71)
History of PCI12.4% (1103/8875)17.6% (4057/23 112)0.59 (0.55‐0.64)
History of CABG surgery2.8% (251/9028)4.5% (1065/23 562)0.42 (0.37‐0.49)
LV ejection fraction ≤40%19.7% (1161/5894)18.6% (2849/15 304)0.92 (0.85‐0.99)
Diabetes mellitus25.5% (2115/8282)17.7% (3811/21 547)1.31 (1.23‐1.40)
Renal insufficiency16.4% (1305/7934)12.3% (2550/20 690)0.87 (0.81‐0.94)
On hemodialysis98.1% (8978/9156)98.1% (23 372/23 830)1.08 (0.90‐1.30)
Diagnostic XA and PCI in 1 session93.5% (8557/9156)94.7% (22 568/23 830)0.96 (0.87‐1.07)
PCI successfula91.1% (8341/9156)92.4% (22 028/23 830)0.96 (0.87‐1.05)
Stent implanted1.1% (103/9146)2.2% (517/23 818)0.33 (0.27‐0.42)
PCI in more than 1 vessel0.1% (5/9156)<0.1% (3/23 830)4.94 (1.12‐21.72)
PCI in complete vessel occlusion1.4% (127/9156)1.0% (231/23 830)1.32 (1.06‐1.66)
PCI in CABG12.4% (1103/8875)17.6% (4057/23 112)0.59 (0.55‐0.64)
PCI in ostial stenosis2.8% (251/9028)4.5% (1065/23 562)0.42 (0.37‐0.49)
Resuscitation in cath lab19.7% (1161/5894)18.6% (2849/15 304)0.92 (0.85‐0.99)
PCI in cardiogenic shock
n=963 (30.3%)n=2219 (69.7%)
Age, y74 (66; 81)67 (57; 75)
History of PCI17.8% (154/864)25.6% (498/1943)0.59 (0.48‐0.72)
History of CABG surgery7.0% (64/919)10.2% (218/2145)0.55 (0.41‐0.75)
LV ejection fraction ≤40%62.4% (406/651)66.9% (984/1471)0.77 (0.63‐0.94)
Diabetes mellitus35.4% (274/775)31.4% (544/1735)1.00 (0.83‐1.20)
Renal insufficiency37.5% (291/776)36.6% (654/1788)0.76 (0.63‐0.92)
STEMI77.6% (747/963)73.7% (16 536/2219)1.45 (1.21‐1.75)
Diagnostic XA and PCI in 1 session97.9% (943/963)98.0% (2175/2219)0.99 (0.57‐1.72)
PCI successfula86.1% (829/963)85.7% (1901/2219)1.19 (0.95‐1.49)
Stent implanted86.1% (829/963)85.9% (1907/2219)1.13 (0.90‐1.41)
PCI in complete vessel occlusion65.3% (628/962)62.0% (1376/2218)1.29 (1.09‐1.51)
PCI in CABG2.5% (24/962)4.7% (105/2218)0.41 (0.26‐0.64)
PCI in last coronary vessel2.8% (27/962)4.3% (96/2218)0.62 (0.39‐0.96)
  • Values are expressed as percentages (number of occurrences/available cases) except for age (median; interquartile range). Only relevant data are shown. The complete tables can be found in Tables S1 through S4. CABG indicates coronary artery bypass graft; LV, left ventricle; NSTE‐ACS, non‐ST elevation acute coronary syndrome; OR, odds ratio; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; STEMI, ST elevation myocardial infarction; XA, coronary angiography.

  • a Defined as <20% final diameter stenosis after stent implantation and <50% after coronary angioplasty without stent implantation in visual assessment associated with TIMI flow grade ≥2.