Table 3. Measures of Subclinical CVD According to CVH Score—Multi‐Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, 2000‐2002a
Low CVH (0‐7 Points)Moderate CVH (8‐11 Points)High CVH (12‐14 Points)P Valueb
Overall prevalence of CAC >0, n (%)1442/2456 (58.7)1403/3097 (45.3)120/408 (29.4)<0.001
White586/850 (68.9)699/1343 (52.0)69/202 (34.2)<0.001
Black422/854 (49.4)258/681 (37.9)6/45 (13.3)<0.001
Hispanic360/639 (56.3)231/646 (35.8)11/43 (25.6)<0.001
Chinese74/113 (65.5)215/427 (50.3)34/118 (28.8)<0.001
Overall multivariable‐adjusted odds ratio of CAC >0 (95%CI)1.00.57 (0.50‐0.65)0.29 (0.22‐0.38)<0.001
White1.00.56 (0.45‐0.69)0.33 (0.23‐0.49)<0.001
Black1.00.66 (0.52‐0.82)0.20 (0.08‐0.52)<0.001
Hispanic1.00.49 (0.38‐0.64)0.28 (0.12‐0.63)<0.001
Chinese1.00.70 (0.44‐1.12)0.30 (0.16‐0.54)<0.001
Overall median CAC score among adults with CAC >0, (25th, 75th percentiles)105 (27, 368)75 (19, 267)49 (11, 147)<0.001
White150 (39, 456)107 (20, 346)34 (9, 156)<0.001
Black90 (23, 301)59 (17, 215)15 (4, 50)<0.001
Hispanic77 (19, 291)61 (18, 204)28 (13, 151)<0.001
Chinese65 (27, 256)59 (17, 186)89 (40, 155)<0.001
Overall mean common CIMT, mm (SD)c0.91 (0.20)0.85 (0.18)0.77 (0.14)<0.001
White0.91 (0.20)0.85 (0.19)0.76 (0.14)<0.001
Black0.92 (0.19)0.88 (0.18)0.81 (0.17)<0.001
Hispanic0.90 (0.20)0.82 (0.18)0.77 (0.15)<0.001
Chinese0.89 (0.18)0.83 (0.17)0.76 (0.14)<0.001
Overall mean LV mass g/m2, indexed for BSAd80.277.073.3<0.001
White78.2 (15.4)74.7 (14.5)72.2 (12.4)<0.001
Black82.4 (19.2)80.4 (16.9)75.6 (17.1)<0.001
Hispanic83.4 (17.8)78.9 (15.3)76.6 (11.9)<0.001
Chinese77.7 (12.2)74.6 (12.9)67.3 (11.2)<0.001
  • BSA indicates body surface area; CAC, coronary artery calcium; CIMT, carotid intima‐media thickness; CVD, cardiovascular disease; CVH, cardiovascular health; LV, left ventricular.

  • a All models were adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education.

  • b P values are for linear trends.

  • c 5889 participants had complete data for CIMT.

  • d 4384 participants had complete data for LV mass.