Table 5. Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Events According to the CVH Score—Multi‐Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, 2000‐2013a
Low CVH (0‐7 Points) N=2456Moderate CVH (8‐11 Points) N=3097High CVH (12‐14 Points) N=408
Overall coronary events, n (%)249 (10.1)165 (5.3)12 (2.9)
White114 (13.4)96 (7.2)9 (4.5)
Black78 (9.1)31 (4.6)···b
Hispanic63 (9.9)34 (5.3)1 (2.3)
Chinese10 (8.9)23 (5.4)3 (2.5)
Overall HR (95%CI)1.00.54 (0.44‐0.66)0.34 (0.18‐0.61)
White1.00.56 (0.43‐0.74)0.39 (0.20‐0.78)
Black1.00.50 (0.33‐0.76)···b
Hispanic1.00.59 (0.39‐0.90)0.28 (0.04‐2.05)
Chinese1.00.78 (0.37‐1.63)0.41 (0.11‐1.51)
Overall CAC‐adjusted HR (95%CI)1.00.64 (0.52‐0.78)0.48 (0.27‐0.87)
White1.00.67 (0.51‐0.89)0.56 (0.28‐1.11)
Black1.00.56 (0.37‐0.86)···b
Hispanic1.00.74 (0.48‐1.13)0.37 (0.05‐2.7)
Chinese1.00.92 (0.44‐1.94)0.59 (0.16‐2.19)
Overall CIMT‐adjusted HR (95%CI)c1.00.55 (0.45‐0.68)0.38 (0.21‐0.68)
White1.00.58 (0.44‐0.77)0.43 (0.21‐0.85)
Black1.00.50 (0.32‐0.77)···b
Hispanic1.00.60 (0.39‐0.92)0.30 (0.04‐2.17)
Chinese1.00.81 (0.38‐1.71)0.46 (0.12‐1.72)
Overall LV mass‐adjusted HR (95%CI)d1.00.55 (0.43‐0.70)0.40 (0.21‐0.75)
White1.00.53 (0.38‐0.74)0.42 (0.20‐0.89)
Black1.00.52 (0.30‐0.87)···b
Hispanic1.00.77 (0.47‐1.27)0.46 (0.06‐3.37)
Chinese1.00.91 (0.38‐2.15)0.69 (0.17‐2.76)
Overall CAC‐CIMT‐LV mass–adjusted HR (95% CI)e1.00.64 (0.50‐0.82)0.57 (0.30‐1.07)
White1.00.62 (0.44‐0.87)0.58 (0.27‐1.24)
Black1.00.56 (0.32‐0.97)···b
Hispanic1.00.91 (0.54‐1.52)0.55 (0.07‐4.06)
Chinese1.01.11 (0.46‐2.67)0.95 (0.23‐3.90)
  • Coronary heart disease was defined as definite or probable myocardial infarction, death due to coronary heart disease, resuscitated cardiac arrest, and coronary revascularization. CAC indicates coronary artery calcium; CIMT, carotid intima‐media thickness; CVH, cardiovascular health; HR, hazard ratio; LV, left ventricular.

  • a All models were adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education.

  • b We are unable to calculate HR because there were no events in this category.

  • c 5889 participants had complete data for CIMT.

  • d 4384 participants had complete data for LV mass.

  • e 4343 participants had complete data for CAC, CIMT, and LV mass.