Table 2. Cross‐Sectional Association of Continuous Total Hip BMD With Baseline Characteristics of the Study Cohort
CharacteristicsTotal Hip BMD
Women (n=734)Men (n=516)
No.Correlation CoefficientMean±SDP ValueNo.Correlation CoefficientMean±SDP Value
Age, y734−0.32<0.001516−0.21<0.001
Body mass index, kg/m27340.51<0.0015160.36<0.001
Waist circumference, cm7310.41<0.0015160.22<0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg7340.030.5055160.030.510
Antihypertensive medication
No3670.74±0.140.0032520.95±0.160.784
Yes3670.77±0.152640.95±0.17
Diabetes mellitus
No6460.74±0.14<0.0014260.94±0.160.011
Yes880.84±0.16900.99±0.17
Smoking status
Never smoker3670.75±0.140.3451360.94±0.170.677
Former smoker3000.76±0.153390.95±0.16
Current smoker670.73±0.13410.94±0.16
Alcohol, drinks per wk734−0.0010.9815160.010.026
Physical activity, kcal per wka734−0.0030.9355160.100.022
Low‐density lipoprotein, mg/dL7260.0010.9815090.030.556
High‐density lipoprotein, mg/dL733−0.050.1485160.010.899
Triglycerides, mg/dL7340.120.0045160.090.044
Lipid‐lowering medication
No6510.75±0.140.3134760.95±0.160.333
Yes830.77±0.15400.92±0.19
Aspirin
No4540.75±0.140.4833020.95±0.160.732
Yes2770.75±0.142120.95±0.17
Digitalis
No6910.75±0.140.9724690.95±0.160.586
Yes430.75±0.15470.96±0.20
Estrogen use
No5970.75±0.140.034
Yes1370.77±0.14
Prevalent coronary heart disease
No6230.75±0.140.7763710.95±0.160.449
Yes1110.75±0.161450.94±0.18
Prevalent stroke/transient ischemic attack
No7070.75±0.140.9264690.95±0.160.204
Yes270.75±0.15470.92±0.18
Prevalent peripheral arterial disease
No1090.74±0.150.955950.91±0.190.167
Yes6250.75±0.144210.96±0.16
Prevalent atrial fibrillation
No6960.75±0.140.0114780.95±0.160.814
Yes380.69±0.15380.95±0.19
Creatinine, mg/dL7250.070.062512−0.010.918
Estimated glumerular filtration rate (cystatin‐based), mL/min per 1.73 m27340.060.0855160.090.033
Forced expiratory volume in 1 s, L7340.110.0035160.070.110
C‐reactive protein, mg/L7340.110.0045160.020.723
  • BMD indicates bone mineral density.

  • a The logarithm of physical activity+1 was used to compute the correlation.