Table 3. Prevalence and Coexistence of Other Atrial Arrhythmias With AF Before and After LVAD Implantation
No AFPAFPeAF
Pre‐LVAD, n (%)179 (54.1)129 (39)23 (6.9)
AFL, n (%)*12 (6.7)31 (24)3 (13)
AT, n (%)11 (6.1)11 (8.5)1 (4.3)
AVNRT, n (%)3 (1.7)1 (0.8)0 (0)
Post‐LVAD, n (%)132 (39.9)165 (49.8)34 (10.3)
AFL, n (%)*15 (11.4)56 (33.9)6 (17.6)
AT, n (%)21 (15.9)38 (23.0)5 (14.7)
AVNRT, n (%)5 (3.8)3 (1.8)0 (0.0)
  • AF indicates atrial fibrillation; AFL, atrial flutter; AT, atrial tachycardia; AVNRT, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia; LVAD, left ventricular assist device; PAF, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation; PeAF, persistent/permanent atrial fibrillation.

  • *P<0.05.