Table 2.

Characteristics of Spontaneous Reports of Cannabis-Related Cardiovascular Complications (2006–2010)

CharacteristicsTotalCardiacCerebralPeripheral
ACSHRD
N35202310
Age (mean±SD)34.3±8.835.5±9.032.5±13.425.3±3.135.2±8.0
Male3020127
Exposure (A/R/D)13/6/1610/2/82/0/00/0/31/4/5
Cardiovascular history94005
Associated substances (as quoted in medical file)2412129
Tobacco/alcohol21/611/20/02/28/2
None declared119101
Cocaine11000
Benzodiazepine10100
Ecstasy10001
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)10001
Management2613139
Hospitalization, n (mean duration in days)18 (15)10 (20)0 (0)3 (2)5 (9)
Invasive techniques128004
Noninvasive techniques2011036
Evolution189027
Improvement31011
Worsening94005
Death98100
  • ACS indicates acute coronary syndrome; HRD, heart rate disorder; A, actual (≥1 use during the past 12 months); D, regular and daily (≥10 uses during the past 30 days); R, recent (≥1 use during the past 30 days).